Aboltionist Sisterhood: Women’s Political Culture in Antebellum America, by Jean Yellin, Cornell University Press, 1994.
Ahead of Her Time: Abby Kelley and the Politics of Anti-Slavery, by Dorothy Sterling, W.W. Norton, 1991.
Black Bostonians: Family Life and Community Struggle in the Antebellum North, by James O. Horton and Lois E. Horton, Holmes & Meier, 1999.
Black Woman Abolitionists: A Study in Activism, 1828-1860, by Shirley Yee, University of Tennessee Press, 1992.
Black Women in Nineteenth Century American Life: Their Words, Their Thoughts, Their Feelings, edited by Bert J. Loewenberg and Ruth Bogin, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977.
Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer, by Thomas J. Brown, Harvard University Press, 1998.
Eighty Years and More: Reminiscences, 1815-1897, by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1893; reprinted Northeastern University Press, 1993.
“Florence Luscomb: For Suffage, Labor and Peace” in Moving the Mountain: Women Working for Social Change, edited by Ellen Cantarow, et al, Feminist Press, 1980.
In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860, by James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, Oxford University Press, 1996.
I Speak for the Women: A Story About Lucy Stone, by Stephanie Sammartino McPherson, Brian Liedahl (illlustrator), Carolrhoda Books, 1992. (YA)
“Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin: A 19th Century Journalist of Boston’s Black Elite Class,” by Rodger Streitmatter, in Women of the Commonwealth: Work, Family and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts, edited by Susan L. Porter, University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.
Lucy Stone: Speaking Out for Equality, by Andrea Moore Kerr, Rutgers University Press, 1992.
Maria W. Stewart, America’s First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches, edited by Marilyn Richardson, Indiana University Press, 1987.
One Woman One Vote: Rediscovering the Women’s Suffrage Movement, edited by Marjorie Spruill Wheeler, Newsage, 1995.
Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform, by Sharon Hartman Strom, Temple University Press, 2001.
The Necessity of Organization: Mary Kenney O’Sullivan and Trade Unionism for Women, 1892-1912, by Kathleen Nutter, Garland Studies in the History of American Labor, 2000.
Voice for the Mad: The Life of Dorothea Dix, by David Gallaher, The Free Press, 1995.
We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century, edited by Dorothy Sterling, W.W. Norton, 1997.
Written By Herself: Literature Production by African-American Women, by Frances Smith Foster, Indiana University Press, 1993.
You Want Women to Vote, Lizzie Stanton? by Jean Fritz. Penguin Putnam, 1995.
Cobblestone: The History Magazine for Young People has published a number of thematic issues on related topics:
“Black History Month: The Struggle for Rights” (February 1983)
“Frederick Douglass: Fighter for Freedom” (February 1989).
“The Antislavery Movement” (February 1993)
“Mary McLeon Bethune: Educator, Organizer, and Political Activist” (February 1996)
Copies can be ordered from Cobblestone Publishing, 30 Grove St. Peterborough, NH 03458, on the web at www.coblestonepub.com or at 1-800-821-0115.
II. Audiovisual Media
“Africans in America,” PBS Video, 1998 (four 90-minute segments)
Explores the origins and development of slavery in the United States. The last program, Judgment Day, looks at the tensions over slavery in the years leading up to the Civil War, the period in which both Lucy Stone and Sarah Parker Remond were actively involved in the abolition movement.
“Frederick Douglass: When the Lion Wrote History,” PBS Home Video/Turner Home Entertainment, 1994 (90 minutes)
Focuses on America’s leading black abolitionist, including his involvement with the early woman’s rights movement.
“Great American Women’s Speeches : Lucretia Mott/Sojourner Truth/Ernestine Rose/Lucy Stone/Susan B. Anthony/Elizabeth Cady Stanton/Carrie Chapman Catt,” Harper Audio, 1995 (audio cassette)
“Not For Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony, ” PBS Video, 1999 (3 hours, 30 minutes)
Ken Burns’ film about the intertwined lives and work of Lucy Stone’s allies, and later adversaries, in the struggle for women’s rights. A companion website for teachers suggests classroom exercises and offers web links (see below for internet resources.)
“One Woman, One Vote: The American Experience,” PBS Video, 1995 (106 minutes)
Charts the struggle for and resistance to woman suffrage from the Seneca Falls Convention to the passage of the 19th Amendment.
To purchase a PBS Video, call 1-800-344-3337 or visit the PBS website. Programs may be taped for educational purposes and used in the classroom for one year after the date of broadcast. Many of these videos can be borrowed from the Clara Hicks Resource Library, which is open to teachers for a modest annual fee, at Primary Source in Watertown. For more information, call (617) 923-9933 or visit www.primarysource.org.
III. Selected Internet Sites
Africans in America
The companion site to the PBS series of the same name features documents, images, biographies and commentaries. The Teacher’s Guide includes sample lesson plans, one of which focuses on the militant phase of the anti-slavery movement.
Facing History and Ourselves
This site has activities and links for both teachers and students. In addition to materials to support teaching about the Holocaust, there is an on-line exhibit and Study Guide devoted to “Choosing to Participate.” This new Facing History program focuses on what it means to be a citizen in a democracy; the civil rights struggle of the 1950s and early 1960s is presented as a case study of just the kind of activism for which the State House honorees were recognized.
Library of Congress African-American Mosaic Exhibition
This site makes available a variety of images and texts from several periods in African-American history, including abolitionism.
One of 60 searchable collections of digitized documents, photographs, recorded sound, and moving pictures from the Library’s Americana collections, this part of the “American Memory” site offers a large collection of pamphlets related to African-American history and culture, a timeline of African-American history from 1852-1925, and a bibliography.
American Memory – Votes for Women
Another “American Memory” collection, this one consists of books, pamphlets, and artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign from 1848 -1921. It also includes a selected bibliography and a timeline of the 100-year struggle for woman suffrage.
National Archives (NARA)/The Digital Classroom
Developed by the National Archives to build “information literacy skills,” this site contains reproducible archival materials, methods for teaching with primary sources, and student activities. One section focuses on woman suffrage and the 19th Amendment.
National Women’s History Project
A good source of information on women’s history organizations and events all around the country, the site also has an on-line catalogue of materials and links to related sites.
Not For Ourselves Alone
Developed in connection with the 1999 documentary on Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, this PBS website provides biographies, critical essays, lesson plans for English and History teachers at both the middle and high school level, recommended readings, and special sections on “Where We Are Now” and “For Kids.” Several of the activities “For Kids” are complementary to Section IV of Making the World Better, especially “Take Action” and the “Kids’ Bill of Rights.”
The website of Primary Source, a non-profit center for multicultural and global social studies education, offers curriculum resources on African-American history, as well as information about the Clara Hicks Resource Library, professional development opportunities, and a comprehensive list of links to relevant websites.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
The nation’s leading research library on people of African descent, the Schomburg is part of the New York Public Library. Among the many collections accessible here is “Digital Images of l9th-Century African Americans.”
Worcester Women’s History Project
The website of the Worcester Women’s History Project, hosted by Assumption College, includes a wealth of primary source documents related to the first national woman’s rights convention, held in Worcester in 1850 (and attended by Lucy Stone), as well as an excellent list of other on-line resources for women’s history.
IV. Cultural Resources
Living Classrooms: A Teachers Guide to the Essex National Heritage Area brings together information on school programs and other educational resources in Essex County, where Sarah Remond and her family lived. [(978) 740-1660, www.essexheritage.org]
The Boston African-American National Historic Site (BOAF) preserves and interprets 15 different pre-Civil War structures relating to the history of Boston’s African-American community. [(617)-742-5415 www.nps.gov/boaf/home] Ranger-led tours are available of the 1.6-mile-Black Heritage Trail, which begins at the Museum of African American History, [(617)-742-1854 www.afroammuseum.org]. The trail includes the African Meeting House, the oldest standing African-American church in the United States, and the newly restored Abiel Smith School, where Boston educated its black children between 1839-1855. This historic space commemorates the history of African Americans from slavery through the abolitionist movement, with a focus on the quest for educational equality. Exhibits include a film presentation, interactive touch-screen computers, artwork, and historic artifacts.
Boston Women’s Heritage Trail, initiated by teachers and students in the Boston Public Schools in 1989, was recently expanded to include walks in five different Boston neighborhoods. The Trail is not staffed by park rangers, but an excellent guidebook, Four Centuries of Boston Women, is available at many Boston-area bookstores and historic sites and by mail order from BWHT [c/o Mary Smoyer 22 Holbrook Street, Boston 02130. (617) 522-2872 www.bwht.org]
There are a number of performers who specialize in presenting historical characters. Judith Black’s repertoire includes “Meet Lucy Stone,” a piece written for the State House Women’s Leadership Project. Contact information: Tidal Wave Productions, 33 Prospect St., Marblehead, MA 01945. [(978)-631-4417 www.storiesalive.com] Marcia Estabrook performs Ellen Craft, an escaped slave who, like Sarah Remond, became an abolitionist lecturer. Contact information: Characters Educational Theater ,155 Riverside Dr., Dedham MA 02026. (617) 461-2676 or 617-577-0570. Kathryn Woods presents another black abolitionist, Sojourner Truth. School bookings are handled by Young Audiences [617) 566-9262 or www.yamass.org.]
In collaboration with the Public Education Project at the new federal courthouse in Boston, Young Audiences sponsors “Performing Arts and the Law”; the monthly programs explore events in American history related to justice and the workings of our legal system and include a tour of the building. For more information, call (617) 566-9262, ext. 28 or www.yamass.org.